Сompetence-Based Model Of Learning For Engineers and The Future Of University Education

Сompetence-Based Model Of Learning For Engineers and The Future Of University Education

A. Lunev, I. Petrova, V. Zaripova (2012).  Сompetence-Based Model Of Learning For Engineers and The Future Of University Education. 17.

The goal of graduate professional educational is to develop student competence. Competencies are a dynamic combination of knowledge, understanding, skills and capabilities. Some researchers have divided competencies into generic and professional categories. Generic competencies are those that apply across a variety of disciplines and play a crucial role in education, providing wider opportunities for graduates to find good jobs and advance their careers. This suggests that universities should pay considerable attention to increasing their students’ proficiency in these generic competencies.

This article compares a list of generic competencies developed in Russian universities with a similar list developed through a consortium of Russian and European universities (project TUNING-RUSSIA). It then makes a second comparison with a list of competencies drawn from the CDIO Syllabus. This comparison indicates the degree of similarity among these lists and the possible convergence among Russian, European, and American universities. The results are presented from a survey that was conducted among Russian employers, academics, and recent university graduates. The survey asked them to rate each listed competency by its importance and also by the degree to which graduating students are perceived to have achieved proficiency in that competency as a result of their university education.

Finally, this article describes how university courses were developed at Astrakhan State University to increase student proficiency in specific competencies. Results show that there is significance convergence of opinion on which competencies are important, that it is possible to identify those competencies on which students show lower levels of proficiency, and that courses can be developed to increase proficiencies in selected competencies. 


Authors (New): 
Alexander Lunev
Irina Petrova
Viktoria Zaripova
Astrakhan State University, Russia
Competency-based education
Project Tuning
Lean production
Computer-Aided Innovation (CAI)
McEvoy G., Hayton, J., Wrnick A., Mumford T., Hanks S. and Blahna M. “A competency-based model for developing human resource professionals”, Journal of Management Education, Vol. 29, 2005, pp 383–402.: 
Universities contribution to the Bologna Process (An Introduction), 2nd Edition, Publicaciones de la Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, Spain, 2008, pp 25-55: 
ISBN 978-84-9830-132-8
Tuning Educational Structures in Europe, http://www.unideusto.org/tuningeu/subject-areas.htm: 
Crawley E.F., Malmqvist J., Lucas W.A. and Brodeur D.R., “The CDIO Syllabus v2.0: An Updated Statement of Goals for Engineering Education”, http://www.cdio.org/files/project/file /cdio_syllabus_v2.pdf: 
Crawley E.F., Malmgvist J., Lucas W.A. and Brodeur D.R. “The CDIO Syllabus v 2.0. An Updated Statement of Goals for Engineering Education”, Proceedings of the 7th International CDIO Conference, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, June 20—23, 2011.: 
McClelland D.C., “Testing for Competence Rather Than for ‘Intelligence’”, American Psychologist, 1973, Vol. 28, pp 1-14.: 
Kolb D.A., Experiential Learning: Experience as the Source of Learning and Development. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1984.: 
Hüsig S. and Kohn S., “Computer Aided Innovation – State of the Art from a New Product Development Perspective”, Computers in Industry Vol. 60, Num. 8, 2009, pp 551–562. : 
Candido, J., Murman, E. and McManus, H., “Active Learning Strategies for Teaching Lean Thinking”, Proceedings of the 3rd International CDIO Conference, Cambridge, MA, June 2007.: 
Petrova I.Y. and Zaripova V.M., “Systems of Teaching Engineering Work on the Basis of Internet Technologies”, Proceedings of the International Conference “Modern (e-) Learning, Varna, 2006, Sofia, FOI-COMMERCE – 2006, pp 89-96.: 
Go to top